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Sejarah Perkembangan Penerapan Telematika

Telematika merujuk pada hakikat cyberspace sebagai suatu sistem elektronik yang lahir dari perkembangan dan konvergensi telekomunikasi, media dan informatika[1]. Dalam Pengantar Mata Kuliah Hukum Telematika Fakultas Hukum Universitas Indonesia dinyatakan bahwa istilah telematika merujuk pada perkembangan konvergensi antara teknologi telekomunikasi, media dan informatika yang semula masing-masing berkembang secara terpisah. Konvergensi telematika kemudian dipahami sebagai sistem elektronik berbasiskan digital atau the net[2]. Semua kegiatan dengan istilah work and play dapat menggunakan telematika sebagai penunjang kinerja usaha semua usaha dalam semua sektor sosial, ekonomi dan budaya[3].

Penerapan telematika sendiri sebenarnya sudah dimulai sejak era sebelum masehi. Berikut ini beberapa peristiwa penting dalam sejarah perkembangan telematika sejak 3000 sebelum masehi sampai tahun 2001.

Computers Telecommunications
Dust abacus is invented, probably in Babylonia 3000 BC In Egypt papyrus scrolls and hieroglyphs are used
1184 BC According to the play Agamemnon written by the Greek poet Aeschylos in 458 BC the fall of Troy was transmitted with torch signals to 555 km away Argos
Bead-and-wire abacus originates in Egypt 500 BC
150 A 4500 kilometres wide smoke signals network covers the Roman Empire
Brahmagupta writes Brahmasphutasiddhanta, the earliest known text to treat zero as a number in its own right 628
Wilhelm Schickard builds first four-function calculator-clock at the University of Heidelberg 1624
Blaise Pascal builds the first numerical calculating machine in Paris 1642
Gottfried Leibniz builds a mechanical calculating machine that multiplies, divides, adds, and subtracts 1673
1809 Samuel Thomas Soemmering invents the electrical telegraph
1860 Antonio Meucci invents the telephone
1895 Guglielmo Marconi invents the wireless telegraph
Konrad Zuse completes the Z1 electromechanical binary computer 1938
1946 First mobile telephone service introduced by AT&T
The IBM 650 becomes the first mass-produced computer 1953
Jack Kilby develops the first integrated circuit 1958 The first communication satellite SCORE is launched
Texas Instruments completes the first hand-held calculator 1967
1969 The ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) goes online and links the first two computers
The first microprocessor the Intel 4004 is developed 1971
The first portable computer the Osborne 1 is released 1981
1992 World Wide Web released by CERN. All major European operators start commercial operation of GSM networks
2001 The first commercial UMTS network is launched in Japan

Pustaka:
[1] http://www.total.or.id/info.php?kk=Telematics
[2] http://www.law.ui.ac.is/lama/telematika/index.htm
[3] Ibid., h. 247
[4] http://www.telematique.eu/
[5] http://suciptoardi.wordpress.com/

 

*Dipublish juga di Warta Warga Gunadarma dan web pribadi saya.

About Yuniarty Utami

Yuniarty Utami is a student of Information System, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Gunadarma University.

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